A presentation by Sierra Club: What Oneida County citizens need to know about the Lynne mineral deposit site; myths and facts about the Flambeau mine; and the impact of Wisconsin's 2017 Act 134 on regulating mining.

A sulfide mining spill: the Colorado Gold King sulfide mine spilled 3 million gallons of wastewater into the Animas and San Juan Rivers in 2015.

The Willow Flowage near the Lynne deposit, where the Oneida County Planning & Development Committee has scheduled a potential open pit metallic sulfide mine. Photo: P. Boushon

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Something to think about....

Oneida County Clean Waters Action

Research on hard rock and metallic sulfide mining

Polluting The Future- HOW MINING COMPANIES ARE CONTAMINATING OUR NATION’S WATERS IN PERPETUITY, 2013, Earthworks.org  (Case studies of current and closed mines requiring perpetual water treatment for acid mine drainage)

Acid Mine Drainage and Effects on Fish Health and Ecology: A Review
Jennings, S.R., Neuman, D.R. and Blicker, P.S., 2008. “Acid Mine Drainage and Effects on Fish Health and Ecology: A Review”. Reclamation Research Group Publication, Bozeman, MT.

Watershed Contamination from Metal and Uranium Mining
United States Geological Survey website on current watershed research with extensive bibliography

of scientific papers and research

U.S. COPPER PORPHYRY MINES: The track record of water quality impacts resulting from pipeline spills, tailings failures and water collection and treatment failures.
Gestring, Bonnie, EARTHWORKS, 2012

Bowker, Lindsay Newman & Chambers, PhD., David M.,  Center for Science in Public Participation, 2012

Sulfide Mining Regulation In The Great Lakes Region, A Comparative Analysis of Sulfide Mining Regulation in Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Ontario
March 2012, National Wildlife Federation
(Note that this study was published prior to WI 2017 Act 134 that deregulated numerous aspects of metallic mining law including repeal of the Prove It First (“moratorium”) law.)

Research on metallic sulfide mining, treaty rights and

Native American cultural issues:

Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, 2016. Metallic Mineral Mining: The Process & the Price.

Research on mining economics and economic modeling

Will Sulfide Mines Bring Employment and Economic Benefits to Northern Minnesota?
MiningTruth.org, 2012

The Economic Role of Metal Mining in Minnesota: Past, Present, and Future

Power, Thomas Michael, University of Montana Economics Dept., 2007

The use and abuse of economic modelling in Australia
Denniss Ph.D., Richard, Chief Economist, The Australia Institute, 2012

Assessing the Quality of Economic Impact Models
Business Central, 2008

Research on the Flambeau mine

Report on Groundwater and Surface Water Contamination at the Flambeau Mine

Chambers, Ph.D., David M. and Zamzow, Ph.D., Kendra, Center for Science in Public Participation, 2009


(Note that this paper is the supporting document for the DNR recommendation to EPA that Stream C be designated as impaired. The EPA concurred and designated Stream C as impaired due to zinc and copper pollution in 2012.  The DNR no longer has this paper archived online.)
Comparison of Predicted and Actual Water Quality at Hardrock Mines: The reliability of predictions in Environmental Impact Statements (case studies of twenty-five U.S. mines including the Flambeau mine)
Kuipers, J.R., Maest, A.S., MacHardy, K.A., and Lawson, G., 2006
Flambeau Mine: Water Contamination and Selective “Alternative Facts”
Robert E. Moran, Ph.D., Michael-Moran Associates LLC, 2017